Alstroemeria (60 photos): types and features of care
It is not for nothing that Alstroemeria was nicknamed the Peruvian Lily. Small, but very bright and beautiful flowers will become a real decoration of your garden! Dozens of varieties are distinguished by the color of delicate velvety petals. We will help you decide which type of alstroemeria to choose and how to properly care for it!
Alstroemeria is an unusual guest from South America, and for a long time she was called the Inca lily. It got its current name by the name of Baron Astrem, a famous Swedish botanist who brought several species to Europe. The courtyard was eighteenth century, and since then alstroemeria has won the love of flower growers around the world.
Alstroemeria has flexible straight stems with thin lilac leaves, in which the petiole is twisted, due to which the upper side of the plate is below, and vice versa. The rhizome resembles a spindle and goes deep into the ground, drawing out nutrients.
Lanceolate petals are collected in two circles, and they are different in shape, size and even shades. Yellow, pink, orange and red varieties are popular, but this is far from the limit. There are multicolor, striped and spotty flowers with long prominent stamens.
Alstroemeria is kept in gardens, greenhouses and greenhouses. Low-growing species are planted in boxes or containers to decorate balconies, gazebos and seasonal flower beds. Varieties are very different in height and size, so first be sure to decide on the composition that you want to get.
Types of Alstroemeria
Botanists and breeders work with several major types of alstromeria. In gardens usually found specially bred decorative hybrids. Varicoloured varieties are especially good, some of which we will now meet!
This is a large, strong and dense bush that stretches upwards from 160 cm. Flowers of an unusual red-bronze hue are decorated with noticeable black strokes. Alstroemeria Harmony is unpretentious and blooms right up to the first frosts.
Virginia's petals are remarkable for their graceful wavy edge. Flowers of such alstroemeria look very delicate and romantic, and flowering lasts until the first serious frost.
Alstroemeria King Cardinal
This is a very delicate and quite compact variety up to one and a half meters high. He has sensitive, weak peduncles that instantly fall off from improper conditions or lack of light. King Cardinal is appreciated for its spectacular scarlet flowers that slightly resemble an orchid.
Alstroemeria Orange Queen
Alstroemeria Orange Queen attracts attention with its non-trivial apricot shade. This is the case where the name of the variety fully reflects its essence and features. The petals are covered with variegated brown spots, and the bush itself is quite compact - up to 70 cm tall.
Canaria is another interesting variety of unusual hue, this time canary yellow. Petals are covered with small brown dots and strokes, so they look even more interesting. Shoots stretch to one and a half meters.
This is the most famous variety of white hybrid alstroemeria, which is sometimes found in pink. Alicia's peculiarity is long flowering, which lasts from the beginning of summer to late autumn.
Alstroemeria White Wings
White Wings is another snow-white variety, but this time it is very powerful, large and tall. The stems are drawn up to 2 meters and are decorated with a scattering of large flowers throughout the summer with a short break between flowering.
Beauty is a romantic lilac alstroemeria with petals of a bluish-purple hue. In the top of varieties with an unusual color, this one would probably be in the top ten. Powerful straight stems stretch to an average height of about 130-150 cm.
For all its exoticism, alstromeria is quite unpretentious in our latitudes. So even if you have a poor experience in floriculture, you will definitely do it on your own!
Alstroemeria is very thermophilic, so it needs a mild, warm climate. Landing is done by the end of spring, when the temperature steadily rises above 20 degrees. A southern plant needs light, but not aggressive direct rays. It does not tolerate strong drafts and wind, so choose a protected area.
Alstroemeria requires regular, but not too frequent watering - about once a week. If the street is too hot or too rainy for too long, you can slightly increase the frequency. If you overdo it, the root system of the flower will rot, but even from a lack of moisture, alstroemeria loses its decorative properties.
Be sure to choose a light clay or sandy soil, in which nutrient impurities and peat are first introduced. The soil should be neutral or, in extreme cases, slightly acidic. A good powerful drainage is needed so that moisture does not stagnate at the rhizome. After each watering, mulch the soil from above so that it remains loose and breathable.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Like other flowering species, alstroemeria needs top dressing so that it blooms brightly and abundantly. About three times a month, apply complex fertilizers to the soil. Add nitrogen in the growing season, and phosphorus closer to the flowering season.
Transplantation and reproduction
Alstroemeria is propagated by seeds, but it is faster and more convenient to use division of the root system. Wait until it fades, carefully dig out the bush and divide it into several parts. Use only a very sharp knife, and treat all slices with crushed charcoal.
Powerful old bushes are divided in early spring, without digging - until April. Large delenki can be immediately planted in the garden in pre-prepared holes. First, plant small cuttings in pots and send to root for heat.
During flowering, be sure to remove the buds that have already faded. So alstroemeria will not spend resources and nutrients on them. This is necessary for a longer and lush flowering.
In our latitudes, the southern perennial requires protection against freezing. After flowering, trim the flower stalks, and by the end of autumn shorten all the shoots to 17-18 cm. Fill the bush with dry leaves that remained after harvesting, or fill it with lapnik. Stretch a wide thin film on top and sprinkle a little garden soil.
Pest and Disease Control
So that alstroemeria is not eaten by slugs, well mulch the soil or make an impromptu fence from rubble. So pests simply can not get to the flower. Caterpillars are destroyed by insecticides, and spider mites - by special acaricides.
The most common alstroemeria disease is gray rot. It arises from an excess of moisture and is practically not treated, so it is better to completely remove heavily damaged flowers. If you managed to notice the first signs of a fungus, cut off all the affected parts and treat the seedlings with fungicides.
Alstroemeria - photo
Alstroemeria with its beauty and elegance is able to radically transform any garden or flowerbed. Just look at the photo, how good and diverse it is!