How to and what to feed pepper seedlings
Getting healthy and fruitful seedlings of pepper is not as difficult as it seems to inexperienced gardeners. In fact, he is quite unpretentious and does not need specific care. The most difficult and important part is feeding seedlings. And it is about her that we will now tell in more detail!
How to understand whether additional nutrition is needed and what is missing?
Pepper must be fed when sowing seeds in bad soil. If the soil lacks nutrients, it simply will not rise. But if the substrate is good on its own, minerals and trace elements are enough, and so on.
If the seedlings look weak, stunted and painful - this is a sure sign that it needs to be fed. But first make sure that she is healthy, and all other conditions are in order. Do not try to compensate for the lack of light or low temperature with fertilizers!
If the leaves begin to turn a little yellow from the tips throughout the plate, and the seedlings slow down in growth, there is not enough nitrogen. If the green gives blue - add phosphate fertilizers. And if the leaves fade and turn yellow strictly at the edges - seedlings need potassium.
But remember that an overabundance of fertilizer is just as harmful and dangerous as its lack. If your pepper feels good and looks healthy - do not abuse with top dressing. Do not increase the dosage and concentration of additives, otherwise the plant will grow leaves, not fruits. And in the worst case, you can burn the root system.
The best time to feed pepper
At home, pepper is fertilized 2-3 times during the time from the first seedlings to the migration to open ground. The first portion is made taking into account the type of substrate before the pick. Then one more top dressing after the pick, and the last - just before the transfer to the site. This is necessary to minimize stress for seedlings and improve their adaptation.
Fertilizers for feeding pepper seedlings
Remember that pepper is the same case when seedlings are better to undernourish than to overfeed. Use organic fertilizers because they are safer and softer in action. But with signs of a clear deficiency of nutrients, mineral fertilizers are more effective.
In no case can pepper be fertilized with fresh manure, because this will destroy your seedlings. To prepare the concentrate, dilute the mullein in equal parts with water and let it brew for a couple of days. A liter of such concentrate is enough for a whole bucket of water for irrigation.
Chicken droppings are diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 10 or even less - to 12 or to 15. The younger your seedlings are, the weaker the solution should be so that it does not burn the rhizome. Organic fertilizers can also give an excess of nitrogen, which affects the condition of the pepper and spoils the taste of the fruit.
Universal mineral mixture - 1 tsp. urea and 5 ml of potassium humate in 2 liters of water. Or 1 g of ammonium nitrate, 2 g of potassium and 6 g of superphosphate in the same volume of liquid. Before planting in the soil, the potassium content can be increased up to 8 g per liter.
If you use ready-made complex mixtures, choose liquid forms. To do this, dilute the powder or granules in water in the proportion indicated on the package. Young seedlings better absorb chelated supplements - this is also stated in the labeling. Remember that the dosage for young seedlings is usually 2-3 times less than for adult plants.
In addition to classic organic or mineral fertilizers, pepper and other fertilizers are suitable. You probably already have all the right ingredients at your fingertips or in the refrigerator!
Feeding pepper with ash
Wood ash is the most effective household fertilizer when you need to add potassium. To do this, sift a liter can of ash and dilute it in a liter of warm water. Let it brew for half a day, filter and add about 150 ml of concentrate for each plant.
Dilute 10 g of dry yeast in a 10-liter bucket of water to improve soil properties and digestibility of other fertilizers. The solution increases the resistance of pepper seedlings to fungal diseases, droughts and negative impacts.
Pepper dressing with banana peel
Banana infusion is another powerful potash fertilizer. In addition, the peel during transportation is treated with substances for ripening. When ingested, they stimulate the growth and development of pepper seedlings. Pour the skins of 4 bananas with 3 liters of water, let it brew for four days and dilute with water in equal parts before use.
Pepper dressing with iodine
The iodine solution is, first of all, a very effective antiseptic to protect against bending and decay. For 3 liters of water, 2 drops are enough - and feel free to water the beds in standard mode. Additionally, iodine well stimulates the formation of new ovaries and growth in general.
Egg shell dressing
This is a universal fortifying agent that can be used at different stages of feeding pepper seedlings. First of all, it is rich in calcium, but there is still magnesium and a lot of other elements. Grind a shell of a dozen eggs, pour a bucket of boiling water, let it brew for 5 days and strain.
Pepper onion peeling
Pour a handful of husks with a liter of boiling water and let it brew for 1-2 days. Or pour it with cold water, boil and cool - if you need an infusion on the same day. Spraying the leaves with such a decoction improves the growth of pepper, contributes to the thickening of the stems, protects against spider mites and fungi.
How to feed pepper seedlings so that they are plump?
Harvest will be rich if pepper seedlings grow correctly and evenly. Fertilizers are best applied early in the morning, an hour after good watering. Do not let liquid dressings spray onto stems or leaves, or immediately rinse this place well.
Growth stimulants and fertilizers are applied when at least 2-3 full leaflets appear. It will be in about 2 weeks from the day you see the first hatching sprouts. Use strengthening mineral mixtures.
After the pick
Wait at least 10 days, because the pepper needs to acclimatize. Then, complex fertilizers, which already contain all the micro and macro elements, are best suited. Increase the content of phosphorus and potassium, but reduce the amount of nitrogen. You’ll also need calcium, magnesium, iron and other nutritional supplements.
A week before transplanting into the open ground, feed the pepper with complex mineral fertilizers or organics with a high content of potassium. If the seedlings begin to stretch too much, urgently adjust the watering, temperature and lighting. As an emergency, you can use retardants - drugs that regulate plant growth.