How to feed roses in spring
After the winter, roses need to be supplemented with microelements so that the bushes grow beautiful and healthy. Powerful nutrient fertilizers are needed, and at the same time, it’s important not to overdo it or overfeed the flower. Any extremes are detrimental to his condition and appearance. We tell you how to choose fertilizers and when to apply them!
How to understand whether additional nutrition is needed and what is missing?
Dressing roses is necessary for the formation of bulk and healthy buds in large quantities. Bushes constantly need nitrogen, which stimulates the growth of shoots and green mass. And also - potassium for immunity and moisture exchange, phosphorus for healthy peduncles and buds, magnesium - for laying buds.
The sure signs of nitrogen deficiency are yellowness and poor leaf growth, small weak shoots, slow growth. With a deficiency of phosphorus, the leaves are cast blue or purple, become smaller, and the bush may stop blooming. Due to the lack of potassium, the rose weakens, the shoots become short, and the buds become curved and deformed.
Iron deficiency leads to chlorosis of young leaves when the plate turns yellow and the veins remain bright. Lack of magnesium appears first on old leaves, which begin to turn yellow and die off between the veins. A lack of calcium leads to the death of the tops of shoots and deformation of young foliage.
In spring, roses need nitrogen-phosphorus supplements, and here you definitely will not lose. But the main thing is to observe the schedule and proportions, because an imbalance of useful trace elements leads to the death of the flower, as well as their lack. Do not abuse additives and micronutrients if the rose does not show signs of deficiency.
The best time to feed roses
In spring, the first nitrogen dressing of the rose should be carried out at the end of March or a little later, when the ground is completely thawed. It is important to fertilize before the leaves bloom. After two weeks, the procedure can be repeated, and the third top dressing should be done after the first buds have been set.
If spring is too cold and rainy, then the rose almost does not absorb useful components from the earth. Therefore, it is better to feed her on the sheet - then the buds in the future will be stronger and healthier. We recommend applying small amounts of fertilizer, but regularly.
When choosing fertilizing for roses, you need to consider not only time, but also the age of the plant. For example, in the first year, roses almost do not require additives, and the next year it is recommended to use organics. Old bushes after pruning prefer ammonium nitrate.
Fertilizers for feeding roses
Roses are equally fond of root and foliar methods of supplying nutrients. You can safely combine different compounds, and to eliminate the acute shortage, take specialized fertilizers. Ready-made store dressings are right for rose bushes.
Properly prepared organic fertilizers not only act immediately after application, but also increase the fertility of the soil as a whole. They attract beneficial worms that loosen and saturate the soil with oxygen. According to statistics, the number of weeds decreases with organic top dressing.
With the first warm days, the rose can be fed with a mullein solution. First, dilute it with water 1:10, then let it brew for a week and once again dilute one part of the liquid into two parts of water. Such top dressing will be especially useful for young roses.
In the spring during the active growing season, chicken droppings are great, but they can burn the roots. To avoid this, prepare a weak solution: 1:20 or 1:10 for fresh or rotted litter, respectively. Give the mixture a good infusion for five days and dilute again with water 1: 3.
Mineral fertilizers are especially beneficial for adult roses with more serious needs. 20-30 g of ammonium nitrate per square can be applied immediately when the snow completely melts. And in May, use potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, on which abundant flowering depends. For a solution, it is enough to dilute 10 g of potassium sulfate and superphosphate in a bucket of water.
The closer the flowering is, the less nitrogen a rose needs, because instead of buds, it will continue to grow green mass. But potassium phosphorus solution needs about 4 liters per bush. In addition, roses periodically need boron, manganese, calcium, magnesium, copper and iron.
It is very convenient and easy to use complex fertilizers, the composition of which is already balanced. Root dressing for roses is carried out approximately once every 7-10 days, and foliar - in 10-14 days. Do not apply complex fertilizers immediately after plant transplantation and wait at least a couple of weeks.
Classical folk recipes for feeding roses have been known for centuries since the time when the concept of specialized fertilizers did not exist in principle. Like any organics, such products are completely natural and environmentally friendly!
Fertilizing roses with weeds
Herbal infusion is an effective aromatic alternative to classic organic. To prepare a third, fill the bucket with grass, tops and weeds, add 2 tablespoons of soda ash, share water and wait until the composition is fermented. Siphon the liquid, dilute with water 3:10, you are done!
Feeding with ash
Ash is another organic fertilizer for any garden seedlings. It is especially rich in potassium, and also contains magnesium, iron, calcium, sulfur and phosphorus. If you want to plant dry ash in the soil - you need about 200 g per square. Or you can prepare a solution for irrigation: 30 g per bucket of water.
Feeding roses with yeast
Yeast feeding roses is a good home alternative to store potash-phosphorus mixtures. Yeast provides lush flowering and activate metabolic processes. In a bucket of water, dilute 10 g of dry yeast, 2 tablespoons of sugar, let it brew for 2 hours and dilute it with water 1: 5 again.
Gardeners have been composting food waste for centuries, especially now even have special machines for this. Previously, the organics were closed in a dark box and earthworms were launched there. The content of humates in food waste is higher than in rotted manure.
How to feed roses in spring for lush flowering
When planning a feeding schedule for roses, keep in mind that there is no single universal standard. The main thing is to coordinate the regime with the natural life cycles of the plant. And then you will definitely be able to achieve magnificent and long flowering!
In early spring
After spring pruning, when the buds begin to swell, apply nitrogen fertilizers or complex mixtures with its high content. Basically, it will be the middle of April, and in the cold year - its end. First, spill the soil with warm water so that the rhizome warms up well and begins to better absorb beneficial components.
Under one bush you need about 100 g of bird droppings or 3 kg of rotted mullein. If you prefer to use solutions, then pour 3-5 liters. The consumption of mineral dressings per square meter is 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate or 30-40 g of universal mixtures.
The second time the rose is fed after the start of shoot growth. It will be around mid-May, and the bushes still need nitrogen for healthy development. Use 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium salt, 25-30 g of superphosphate or 3-5 liters of mullein.
At the end of spring
The third top dressing of roses by the end of May already directly affects the quality and number of flower buds. You will need half a spoonful of calcium nitrate and 3-5 liters of bird droppings solution under the bush. Instead of potassium sulfate, you can use 10-15 g of potassium nitrate or calimagnesia.