Wisteria (60 photos): types and features of care
It used to be that seeing blooming wisteria was tremendous luck and fortune-telling. And according to an ancient Japanese legend, with the branch of Wisteria, the goddess ousted evil from the sacred Mount Fuji. Now a mystical vine with huge blooming tassels can be grown independently. And it's not even too complicated!
Wisteria or Wisteria is a beautiful climbing vine that grows in East Asia and North America. The second name she received in honor of Professor Caspar Wistar. The scourges can extend up to 20 m, and individual bushes survive to 150 years. Long pinnate leaves are arranged alternately, and large decorative brushes up to 50 cm hang between them.
Wisteria leaves are quite toxic, so it is not recommended to grow it where pets can eat it. For the same reason, no liana is planted near water bodies so that the leaves do not fall into the water and do not poison the fish. Flowering begins in late March, and the inflorescences are very fragrant.
Types of Wisteria
There are nine main types of wisteria, but for decorative purposes only three are used in landscape design. Violet and lilac shades are more common, although there are white, blue and pink.
A large vine stretches up to 15 m and is studded with large snow-white or blue-purple tassels. Its main advantage is amazing frost resistance up to -40 degrees.
This wisteria is more compact and more reminiscent of a tree with its lignified shoots. Her brushes are even larger - up to 60 cm, but the leaves are large. Mostly multi-flowered varieties are painted in blue or pale purple.
A large ligneous liana quickly wraps around the most complex and largest supports, which is why it is appreciated in landscape design. Chinese Wisteria is thermophilic, but withstands short frosts up to -20 degrees. It is from this species that almost all decorative hybrids originated - Alba, Blue Sapphire, Captivity, Sierra Madre.
Wisteria came to us from warm regions, so heat is the main condition for its maintenance. Wisteria is very fond of landscape designers, because it wonderfully adorns fences and arbors. But you can grow a vine and in the house, in a fairly spacious container.
In the summer, wisteria feels great outside in the garden, but by winter, be sure to protect it from the cold. The root outlet is highly spudded, and the whips are removed from the support, folded onto a trunk circle and covered with dry leaves. Indoor wisteria should winter in the cold and darkness - somewhere in the basement.
Wisteria loves light and is one of those rare plants that need direct sunlight. In the garden, initially choose a bright sunny place for planting, and if you grow the wisteria at home, rearrange it in the summer on the southern windows or take it to the balcony.
Wisteria hardly tolerates excess moisture, so the main thing is not to overfill it. The substrate should be only slightly wet, and in winter, watering is generally reduced to a minimum. In a hot summer, a vine needs to be sprayed, but do it in the morning or evening, not under the sun.
Soil and fertilizer
A plant needs nutritious, saturated soil, so choose soil with turf and humus. Feed regularly from March to September once every two weeks. But there is a plus: you do not have to be smart with combinations of minerals - complex fertilizers are suitable for her.
Transplantation and reproduction
Wisteria is propagated by layering from the strongest annual shoots. Make an oblique incision and lay the stem in a container with clay soddy soil. It is best to separate it next spring when it is firmly rooted.
As alternative methods, grafting and grafting are used, but they are not very effective. It is long and inconvenient to grow wisteria from seeds - you need to keep the sprouts under the film in a dark place at 25 degrees a month and a half.
Before planting, gradually temper the seedlings, but protect them from the wind. Wisteria can be planted in the soil only when the threat of frost has already passed, in a pit 60x60x60 along with mineral fertilizers. Young wisteria is transplanted every year, but adult large plants - as needed.
Seasonal pruning is performed to stimulate flowering and to thin out too thick lashes of vines. But wisteria can be grown in the form of a stem - then you need to constantly leave one of the most powerful shoots. Forming is carried out in the summer in two runs: at the beginning and at the end of the season as it grows.
Pest and Disease Control
Wisteria is quite resistant to pests, but it is unlikely that aphids and clover mites can be avoided. For processing, acaricides and insecticides are used prophylactically and as needed. The most common disease is leaf chlorosis, which usually occurs due to alkaline soil.
Wisteria - photo
All the legends about the origin of wisteria are somehow connected with beauty and femininity. You can clearly see that this is not in vain, just by looking at our selection of photos!