Daylily (70 photos): types and features of care
Many mistakenly confuse daylily with lily because of its name and the characteristic shape of the flowers. In fact, this is a completely different family and another plant, which is also called "hemerocallis". For its magnificent decorative properties and exceptional unpretentiousness, he has long and confidently taken root in our gardens!
Unlike lilies, daylily flowers are one-day, but there are a lot of them, so each bush blooms for several months. For this peculiarity and expressive orange-red tint, daylily is also called “red-day”.
Daylily differs from lily also by rhizome - it is a herbaceous perennial with a powerful and developed root system. It is very thick and fleshy, so the flower easily survives drought. Large flower funnels open at high peduncles, up to a meter.
The daylily has pointed elongated leaves with a bluish tint, and some of the varieties under favorable conditions remain evergreen. On one bush, many peduncles grow at once, which is why they last for several months. Such a shrub lives up to 15 years and is widely used in group plantings, mixborders, or in the design of fences.
Types of daylily
The genus of daylilies covers several dozen varieties, and in most of them there are at least as many varieties. The flower fell in love with gardeners and breeders, and is now widespread. In the gardens, Australian and Dutch hybrids are most often grown.
This is the most common wild daylily with bright orange flowers up to 12 cm in diameter. It has been known in culture for about 150 years, and during this time it remains surprisingly popular.
Relatively white daylilies include light varieties in which the white color of the petals turns to yellow. It may be the middle or border, but it is worth noting that there are no completely white species in nature.
Lemon Yellow Daylily
This is a rather rare natural species that is found in nature only in certain regions of China. The shape of the flower is slightly different and even more reminiscent of a classic white lily.
The flowers of this group are characterized by an additional circle of perianth petals. In fact, these are just terry daylilies, although outwardly they look very unusual.
Another wild variety, which is common in the Far East, is popularly called the "wolf locust". The shrub is quite compact, although it grows up to 70 cm, and the flowers are small for daylily, up to 5 cm.
An unusual variety with giant thin petals cannot be ignored. A group of daylilies of this form are called spiders, because they really resemble large bright spiders.
This is an extensive category, which includes, without exaggeration, tens of thousands of decorative varieties bred in less than two centuries. Different parameters are used for classification: flower shape, flower stalk height, flowering time.
Daylilies themselves are almost odorless, but breeders could not leave this moment unattended and developed fragrant varieties. Outwardly, they can be absolutely anything - the emphasis here is precisely on the smell.
Even beginners can easily cope with seedlings of daylilies, because with its decorativeness, the flower is completely undemanding. Minimum conditions are enough for a healthy flowering flower bed - it does not even have to be watered regularly.
Temperature and lighting
Daylilies love sun and light, although they live in the light shade of trees or tall bushes. In the cool, they later bloom, but bloom longer. At the same time, if there is not enough light and heat, the buds will be faded and weak.
Daylily does not tolerate frequent watering, so it does not cause trouble even in this matter. He has a powerful and developed rhizome, so moisture should be at a decent depth. To keep it longer and not to overdry the top layers of the soil, mulch. Even in drought, daylilies do not need to be watered more often than once every 2 weeks.
Daylilies grow on almost any soil and can be grown for years in one place. Only wetlands are not suitable, because these are ideal conditions for the development of the fungus. Lean sandy soils are easy to fertilize, but the main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise the leaves will grow densely, not the flowers.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Regular top dressing is almost the only thing that daylily really requires if you want beautiful and bright buds. In early spring, the spill between the bushes is a complex fertilizer of long action and a little compost. But even more important is to fertilize the plants at the peak of flowering, so that the buds are laid well next year.
Transplantation and reproduction
Daylilies are easy to propagate by seeds, but in this case, decorative varieties do not retain their features. Therefore, the most commonly used division of bushes in the early spring after snow melt. Loose rhizomes can simply be divided by hand, but solid and knocked down - cut with a disinfected knife.
It is recommended to divide old bushes into sectors in order to leave only young and strong roots. A weak and old middle is better to immediately exclude, because it takes root much worse. Young and strong bushes can not even be dug out completely, but carefully divided with a sharp shovel.
After flowering, it is recommended to immediately remove the peduncles, and throughout the summer - to remove the yellow leaves. In early spring, you need to trim the old leaves to stimulate the growth of young. Opinions differ about wintering: someone prefers to cut daylily almost at the root, and someone leaves dry leaves for added protection.
Pest and Disease Control
Daylilies are hardly affected by pests and parasites. Maximum, thrips occur periodically that lay larvae in buds and destroy them. Seasonal preventive treatment with insecticides helps a lot here.
The most dangerous daylily disease is root rot, which is most often noticed already when the plant dies. But in the early stages, the flower can still be saved if you dig up, cut off all the sore spots, treat with fungicide and potassium permanganate, and dry well. Rust is less common, but it is treated like an ordinary fungus, and a little patrinia can be grown nearby for prevention.
Daylily - photo
Delicate daylily reminds a real flower from a fairy tale, and among the variety of its varieties and shades you can definitely find an option for yourself!